Jean-Michel Basquiat (December 22, 1960 – August 12, 1988) was an American artist. He began as an graffiti artist in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City in the late 1970s. In the 1980s he exhibited internationally in galleries and museums his Neo-expressionist and Primitivist paintings. Basquiat died of a heroin overdose at the age of 27 in 1988. In 1992 the Whitney Museum of American Art held a retrospective of Basquiat’s art.